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You can prevent heart diseases as well as control coronary heart disease with simple lifestyle changes and proper medications.

Lifestyle changes eg.,  diet modification, exercise, stress management, smoking and medications for controlling blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels are used.

If sever plaque is developed then treatment may involve catheter-based interventions.

Lifestyle changes:

DIET:

  • Following a heart-healthy diet is good for the heart patient as well as the whole family.
  • Diet has to be nutritionally balanced, rich in fiber, low in fat and moderate low in salt.
  • Have a lot of vegetables, choose lean meat.
  • Choose low fat or fat-free dairy products.
  • Avoid foods that are been processed with sodium.
  • Enjoy some fresh fruit every day.
  • Follow the advice of your doctor or dietitian.

AVOID ALCOHOL:

  • Avoid alcohol as much as possible.
  • If you choose to drink then have only 1 drink for women and 2 drinks for men per day.
  • Each drink means 12-ounce beer, 4-ounce wine.
  • Alcohol has a lot of calories so they tend to increase the triglyceride levels.

EXERCISE:

  • Increasing your physical activity is the best way to reduce the risk as well as control coronary heart disease.
  • Exercise will help you reduce weight and prevent Type2 diabetes.
  • 30-60 minutes of exercise daily you should aim at.

NO SMOKING:

Cigarette not only affects the lungs but also affects the heart and the blood vessels increasing the risk for heart disease as well as stroke.

BODY WEIGHT:

  • Obesity is not only a major risk for heart disease but also important for insulin resistance too.
  • It increases the blood pressure too.
  • Reducing weight will not improve your heart health as well as decrease the chances of stroke too.

MEDICATIONS:

BLOOD PRESSURE:

People having blood pressure should be treated with medications. For people having diabetes doctors usually prefer ACE inhibitors. These medicines not only reduce your blood pressure but also protect your heart and kidneys.

If required it may be a combination of drugs like thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers etc.

CHOLESTEROL LOWERING MEDICATIONS:

Statins may be prescribed if LDL levels are high.

If triglycerides are on the higher side then niacin or fibrate is prescribed.

ASPIRIN:

A low dose of Aspirin (75-162mg/day) is given to people already having coronary heart disease.

But for those who want to prevent heart diseases, aspirin doesn’t play an important role.

Combination of proper medication and lifestyle changes will help you prevent heart diseases and control if it already exists.

Uncontrolled stress: Stress is a normal part of life, but if left unattended can lead to emotional, psychological and even physical problems including coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, and chest pain etc.

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Clinic Address

Dr. Ravindra L Kulkarni MD DNB FSCAI Cardiology
Sr Consultant Physician & Cardiologist
Moraya Hospital, Opp Main Bus Stop, Power House Chowk,
Chinchwadgaon, Pune - 411033, Maharashtra India
Contact No: +91 94229 91576

CIN: U85100PN2011PTC140068
GST: 27AACCJ6656J1Z6

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